Listed below are our publications from the last five years. Most of them are available for free from the publisher’s website. Please feel free to contact us if you are having trouble getting them, or need a figure/data from them.


  • Mitra, A., V. P. Ghate, R. Krishnamurthy, and W. Smith Jr., 2023: Wind and Climate Variability over the Northeast Pacific and within the Californian Offshore Wind Energy Lease Areas. Submitted, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.
  • Feingold, G., V. P. Ghate, L. M. Russell, 2023: Physical Science Research Needs to Evaluate The Viability and Risks of Marine Cloud Brightening. In Press. Science Advance.
  • Ghate, V. P., Surleta, T., Magaritz-Ronen, L., Raveh-Rubin, S., Gallo, F., Carlton, A. G., & Azevedo, E. B. (2023). Drivers of cloud condensation nuclei in the Eastern North Atlantic as observed at the ARM site. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 128, e2023JD038636.
  • Cadeddu M. P., V. P. Ghate, D. D. Turner, T. E. Surleta: Boundary layer moisture variability at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Eastern North Atlantic observatory during marine conditions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 3453–3470,, 2023.


  • Feingold G., V. P. Ghate, L. M. Russell, et al. 2022: DOE-NOAA Marine Cloud Brightening Workshop. U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Department of Commerce NOAA; DOE/SC-0207; NOAA Technical Report OAR ESRL/CSL-1.
  • Flesch, M. M., A. E Christiansen, A. M Burns, V. P. Ghate, A. G Carlton, 2022: Ambient Aerosol Is Physically Larger on Cloudy Days in Bondville, Illinois, accepted ACS Earth Space Chem.
  • Ghate, Virendra P., Joe Olson, Katherine E. Szoldatits, and David D. Turner, 2022: Gap Flows Along the Columbia River Observed During the WFIP2 Field Campaign. United States: N. p., 2022. Web. doi:10.2172/1844342.
  • Shaw, W., Berg, L., Debnath, M., Deskos, G., Draxl, C., Ghate, V., Hasager, C., Kotamarthi, R., Mirocha, J., Muradyan, P., Pringle, W., Turner, D., and Wilczak, J., 2022: Scientific Challenges to Characterizing the Wind Resource in the Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer, accepted, Wind Energ. Sci.
  • Ghate, Virendra P., Annmarie G. Carlton, Thomas Surleta, and A. M. Burns, 2022: Changes in Aerosols, Meteorology, and Radiation in the Southeastern US Warming Hole Region During 2000-2019. J. Climate., 35, 4125-4137.


  • Ghate, V. P., M. P. Cadeddu, X. Zheng, and E. O’Connor, 2021: Turbulence in The Marine Boundary Layer and Air Motions Below Stratocumulus Clouds at the ARM Eastern North Atlantic Site. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 60(10), 1495-1510
  • Sarkar, M., P. Zuidema, and V. P. Ghate, 2021: Clarifying Remotely Retrieved Precipitation of Shallow Marine Clouds from the NSF/NCAR Gulfstream V, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology38, 1657-1670,
  • Cadeddu, MP, D. Cimini, V. P. Ghate, D. Lubin, A. M. Vogelmann, and I. Silber, 2021: Examination of Humidity and Ice Supersaturation Profiles Over West Antarctica Using Ground-Based G-Band Radiometer Retrievals, IEEE Transactions Geosci. Remote Sens., doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2021.3077088.
  • Ghate, V. P., M. P. Cadeddu, A. Lenzi, and Z. Liu, 2021: Geophysical Retrievals in an Artificial Intelligence (AI) Framework for Illuminating Processes Controlling Water Cycle. White Paper to the AI4ESP Initiative. doi: 10.2172/1769714
  • Jensen, M. P., Ghate, V. P., Wang, D., Apoznanski, D. K., Bartholomew, M. J., Giangrande, S. E., Johnson, K. L., and Thieman, M. M., 2021: Contrasting characteristics of open- and closed-cellular stratocumulus cloud in the eastern North Atlantic, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 14557–14571,
  • Ilotoviz, E., V. P. Ghate, & S. Raveh‐Rubin, S. 2021: The impact of slantwise descending dry intrusions on the marine boundary layer and air‐sea interface over the ARM Eastern North Atlantic site. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2020JD033879.
  • Tao, C., Y. Zhang, Q. Tang, H-Y. Ma, V. P. Ghate, S. Tang, S. Xie, and J. A. Santanello, 2021: Land–Atmosphere Coupling at the U.S. Southern Great Plains: A Comparison on Local Convective Regimes between ARM Observations, Reanalysis, and Climate Model Simulations, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 22 (2), 463-481.
  • Wang, J., and coauthors, 2021: Aerosol and Cloud Experiments in the Eastern North Atlantic (ACE-ENA). Bulletin of American Meteorological Society.


  • Babila, J.E.; Carlton, A.G.; Hennigan, C.J.; Ghate, V.P, 2020: On Aerosol Liquid Water and Sulfate Associations: The Potential for Fine Particulate Matter Biases. Atmosphere11, 194.
  • Bock O. et al., Use of GNSS Tropospheric Products for Climate Monitoring (Working Group 3). In: Jones J. et al. (eds) Advanced GNSS Tropospheric Products for Monitoring Severe Weather Events and Climate. Springer, Cham, First Online 14 September 2019, DOI, Publisher Name Springer, Cham, 2020.
  • Cadeddu, M.P., V.P. Ghate, M. Mech, 2020: Ground-based observations of cloud and drizzle liquid water path in stratocumulus clouds. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13 (3).
  • Ghate, V.P., M.P. Cadeddu, R. Woods, 2020: Drizzle, Turbulence, and Density Currents Below Post Cold Frontal Open Cellular Marine Stratocumulus Clouds, doi:10.1029/2019JD031586
  • Lubin, D., et al., 2020: AWARE: The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program West Antarctic Radiation Experiment, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101 (7), E1069-E1091.
  • Sarkar, M., P. Zuidema, B. Albrecht, V. P. Ghate, J. Jensen, J. Mohrmann, and R. Wood, 2020: Observations Pertaining to Precipitation within the Northeast Pacific Stratocumulus-to-Cumulus Transition. Mon. Wea. Rev.148, 1251–1273,
  • Sokolowsky, G. A., E. E. Clothiaux, C. F. Baggett, S. Lee, S. B. Feldstein, E.W. Eloranta, M. P. Cadeddu, N. Bharadwaj, K. L. Johnson, 2020: Contributions to the Surface Downwelling Longwave Irradiance during Arctic Winter at Utqiaġvik (Barrow), Alaska, J. Clim. 33 (11), 4555-4577.
  • Vivekanandan, J., Ghate, V. P., Jensen, J. B., Ellis, S. M., & Schwartz, M. C. (2020). A Technique for Estimating Liquid Droplet Diameter and Liquid Water Content in Stratocumulus Clouds Using Radar and Lidar Measurements, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 37(11), 2145-2161.
  • Zheng, X., S. A. Klein, V. P. Ghate, S. Santos, J. McGibbon, P. Caldwell, P. Bogenschutz, W. Lin, M. P. Cadeddu, 2020: Assessment of Precipitating Marine Stratocumulus Clouds in the E3SMv1 Atmosphere Model: A Case Study from the ARM MAGIC Field Campaign, Monthly Weather Review, 148 (8), 3341-3359.


  • Albrecht, B., V. P. Ghate, J. Mohrmann, R. Wood, P. Zuidema, C. Bretherton, C. Schwartz, E. Eloranta, S. Glienke, S. Donaher, M. Sarkar, J. McGibbon, A.D. Nugent, R.A. Shaw, J. Fugal, P. Minnis, R. Paliknoda, L. Lussier, J. Jensen, J. Vivekanandan, S. Ellis, P. Tsai, R. Rilling, J. Haggerty, T. Campos, M. Stell, M. Reeves, S. Beaton, J. Allison, G. Stossmeister, S. Hall, and S. Schmidt, 2019: Cloud System Evolution in the Trades (CSET): Following the Evolution of Boundary Layer Cloud Systems with the NSF–NCAR GV. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100, 93–121,
  • Bretherton, C.S., I.L. McCoy, J. Mohrmann, R. Wood, V. P. Ghate, A. Gettelman, C.G. Bardeen, B.A. Albrecht, and P. Zuidema, 2019: Cloud, Aerosol, and Boundary Layer Structure across the Northeast Pacific Stratocumulus–Cumulus Transition as Observed during CSET. Mon. Wea. Rev., 147, 2083–2103,
  • Christiansen, A., V. P. Ghate, and A. G. Carlton, 2019: Aerosol Optical Thickness: Organic Composition, Associated Particle Water, and Aloft Extinction. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry. 3, 403-412
  • Draxl, Caroline, Berg, L. K., Bianco, L., Bonin, T. A., Choukulkar, A., Clifton, A., Cline, J. W., Djalalova, I. V. P. Ghate, V., Grimit, E. P., Holub, K., Kenyon, J. S., Lantz, K., Long, C., Lundquist, Julie, McCaa, J., McCaffrey, K., Newman, J. F., Olson, J. B., Pichugina, Y., Sharp, J., Shaw, W. J., Smith, N. H., and Toy, M. D. The Verification and Validation Strategy Within the Second Wind Forecast Improvement Project (WFIP 2). United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1575910
  • Fionda, E., M. Cadeddu, V. Mattioli, R. Pacione, Inter-comparison of integrated water vapour measurements at high latitudes from co-located and near-located instruments, Remote Sens., 11(18), 2130;, 2019.
  • Ghate, V. P., M. P Cadeddu, 2019: Drizzle and Turbulence Below Closed Cellular Marine Stratocumulus Clouds, J Geophys. Resear.: Atmospheres 124 (11), 5724-5737.
  • Ghate, V.P., P. Kollias, S. Crewell, A.M. Fridlind, T. Heus, U. Löehnert, M. Maahn, G.M. McFarquhar, D. Moisseev, M. Oue, M. Wendisch, and C. Williams, 2019: The Second ARM Training and Science Application Event: Training the Next Generation of Atmospheric Scientists. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100, ES5–ES9,
  • VP Ghate, DB Mechem, MP Cadeddu, EW Eloranta, MP Jensen, Michele L Nordeen, William L Smith Jr, Estimates of entrainment in closed cellular marine stratocumulus clouds from the MAGIC field campaign, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 2019
  • Klingebiel, M., V.P. Ghate, A.K. Naumann, F. Ditas, M.L. Pöhlker, C. Pöhlker, K. Kandler, H. Konow, and B. Stevens, 2019: Remote Sensing of Sea Salt Aerosol below Trade Wind Clouds. J. Atmos. Sci., 76, 1189–1202,
  • V. Mattioli and Co-authors, Atmospheric gas absorption knowledge in the sub-millimetre: Absorption modelling, field measurements, and uncertainty quantification, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 100 (12), ES291-ES295, 2019
  • Mohrmann, J., and Coauthors, 2019: Lagrangian Evolution of the Northeast Pacific Marine Boundary Layer Structure and Cloud during CSET. Mon. Wea. Rev.147, 4681–4700,
  • MC Schwartz, V. P. Ghate, BA Albrecht, P Zuidema, MP Cadeddu, Jothiram Vivekanandan, Scott M Ellis, Pei Tsai, Edwin W Eloranta, Johannes Mohrmann, Robert Wood, Christopher S Bretherton: Merged Cloud and Precipitation Dataset from the HIAPER-GV for the Cloud System Evolution in the Trades (CSET) Campaign, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 2019
  • I Silber, AM Fridlind, J Verlinde, AS Ackerman, YS Chen, DH Bromwich, Sheng‐Hung Wang, M P. Cadeddu, E W Eloranta, Persistent Supercooled Drizzle at Temperatures below -25 C Observed at McMurdo Station, Antarctica Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124 (20), 10878-10895, 2019.
  • I Silber, J Verlinde, M P. Cadeddu, CJ Flynn, AM Vogelmann, EW Eloranta, Antarctic Cloud Macrophysical, Thermodynamic Phase, and Atmospheric Inversion Coupling Properties at McMurdo Station—Part II: Radiative Impact During Different Synoptic Regimes, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124 (3), 1697-1719, 2019
  • Israel Silber, Johannes Verlinde, Sheng-Hung Wang, David H Bromwich, Ann M Fridlind, Maria Cadeddu, Edwin W Eloranta, Connor J Flynn Cloud Influence on ERA5 and AMPS Surface Downwelling Longwave Radiation Biases in West Antarctica, Journal of Climate 32 (22), 7935-7949, 2019
  • Sullivan, R. C., D. R. Cook, V. P. Ghate, V. R. Kotamarthi, and Y. Feng, 2019: Improved spatiotemporal representativeness and bias reduction of satellite‐based evapotranspiration retrievals via use of in situ meteorology and constrained canopy surface resistance. J. Geophys. Res.: Biogeosciences, 124, 342– 352.


  • I Silber, J Verlinde, EW Eloranta, M Cadeddu: Antarctic cloud macrophysical, thermodynamic phase, and atmospheric inversion coupling properties at McMurdo Station. Part I: Principal data processing and climatology, J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos., DOI: 10.1029/2018JD028279, 2018.
  • A Wilson, RC Scott, M. P. Cadeddu, V P. Ghate, D Lubin: Cloud Optical Properties Over West Antarctica From Shortwave Spectroradiometer Measurements During AWARE, J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos., DOI: 10.1029/2018JD028347, 2018.
  • J Zhang, P Zuidema, DD Turner, MP Cadeddu: Surface-Based Microwave Humidity Retrievals over the Equatorial Indian Ocean: Applications and Challenges, J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 57 (8), 1765-1782, 2018.


  • MP Cadeddu, R Marchand, E Orlandi, DD Turner, M Mech: Microwave Passive Ground-Based Retrievals of Cloud and Rain Liquid Water Path in Drizzling Clouds: Challenges and Possibilities, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., in preprint, Aug. 2017.
  • Helmus, J., and V. P. Ghate, 2017: Improved estimates of moments and winds from radar wind profiler. DOE Office of Science Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) technical report, DOE-SC-ARM-TR-188.
  • JP Nicolas, AM Vogelmann, RC Scott, AB Wilson, MP Cadeddu, D H Bromwich, J Verlinde, D Lubin, L M Russell, C Jenkinson, H H Powers, M Ryczek, G Stone, J D Wille: January 2016 extensive summer melt in West Antarctica favoured by strong El Niño, Nature Communications, 8, 2017.
  • D Painemal, JYC Chiu, P Minnis, C Yost, X Zhou, M Cadeddu, E Eloranta, Ernie R Lewis, Richard Ferrare, Pavlos Kollias: Aerosol and cloud microphysics covariability in the northeast Pacific boundary layer estimated with ship‐based and satellite remote sensing observations, J. Geophys. Res.: Atmospheres, 122 (4), 2403-2418, 2017.
  • Wood, R., K-T, O, C. S. Bretherton, J. Mohrmann, B. Albrecht, P. Zuidema, V. P. Ghate, M. C. Schwartz, E. Eloranta, S. Glienke, R. Shaw, J. Fugal, P. Minnis, 2017: Ultraclean layers and optically thin clouds in the stratocumulus to cumulus transition: Part I. Observations. J. Atmos. Sci., 75, 1631-1652.


  • Albrecht, B. A., M. Fang, and V. P. Ghate, 2016: Exploring stratocumulus cloud-top entrainment processes and parameterizations by using Doppler cloud radar observations. J. Atmos. Sci., 73, 729-742.
  • AV Bosisio, E Fionda, MP Cadeddu, P Ciotti: Forward modeling of an atmospheric scenario: path characterization in terms of scattering intensity, Proceedings of the 14th Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment, Helsinki, March 2016
  • Y Feng, M Cadeddu, VR Kotamarthi, R Renju, CS Raju: Humidity bias and effect on simulated aerosol optical properties during the Ganges Valley Experiment, Current Science, 111, (1), 93-100, July, 2016
  • Y. Feng, VR Kotamarthi, R Coulter, C Zhao, M Cadeddu: Radiative and thermodynamic responses to aerosol extinction profiles during the pre-monsoon month over South Asia, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16 (1), 247-264, 5, Jan. 2016
  • Ghate, V. P. and P. Kollias, 2016: On the controls of daytime precipitation in the Amazonian dry season. J. Hydrometeor., 17(12), 3079-3097, doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-16-0101.1. 
  • Ghate, V. P., M. A. Miller and P. Zhu, 2016: Differences in tropical and trade wind cumulus topped marine boundary layers. Mon. Weather. Rev. 144, 681-701.
  • Nguyen, T. K. V., V. P. Ghate, and A. G. Carlton, 2016: Reconciling satellite aerosol optical thickness and surface fine particle mass through aerosol liquid water, Geophys. Res. Lett.43, doi:10.1002/2016GL070994
  • D Painemal, T Greenwald, M Cadeddu, P Minnis: First extended validation of satellite microwave liquid water path with ship‐based observations of marine low clouds, Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 12, June 2016
  • Reid, J. S., Lagrosas, N. D., Jonsson, H. H., Reid, E. A., Atwood, S. A., Boyd, T. J., Ghate, V. P., Xian, P., Posselt, D. J., Simpas, J. B., Uy, S. N., Zaiger, K., Blake, D. R., Bucholtz, A., Campbell, J. R., Chew, B. N., Cliff, S. S., Holben, B. N., Holz, R. E., Hyer, E. J., Kreidenweis, S. M., Kuciauskas, A. P., Lolli, S., Oo, M., Perry, K. D., Salinas, S. V., Sessions, W. R., Smirnov, A., Walker, A. L., Wang, Q., Yu, L., Zhang, J., and Zhao, Y., 2016: Aerosol meteorology of Maritime Continent for the 2012 7SEAS southwest monsoon intensive study – Part 2: Philippine receptor observations of fine-scale aerosol behavior, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 14057-14078, doi:10.5194/acp-16-14057-2016, 2016.
  • D. D. Turner, S Kneifel, MP Cadeddu: An Improved Liquid Water Absorption Model at Microwave Frequencies for Supercooled Liquid Water Clouds, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 33 (1), 33-44, 1, Jan. 2016
  • Wood, R., M. Jensen, J. Wang, C. Bretherton, S. Burrows, A. Del Genio, A. Fridlind, S. Ghan, V. P. Ghate, P. Kollias, S. Krueger, R. McGraw, M. Miller, D. Painemal, L. Russell, S. Yuter, and P. Zuidema, 2016: Planning the Next Decade of Coordinated Research to Better Understand and Simulate Marine Low Clouds. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 97,1699–1702, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0160.1
  • P Zuidema, J Haggerty, M Cadeddu, J Jensen, E Orlandi, M Mech, J Vivekanandan, Zhien Wang: Recommendations for improving US NSF-supported airborne microwave radiometry, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Feb. 2016